Some thoughts. Can we think without language? In the absence of words, can we experience things consciously? I’d argue, yes.
We think and process our experience consciously independently of language, and then use language to tag these thoughts. Experiences are a human universal, but the language we use to structure these thoughts then may differ.
But does language shape experience? Do we attend differently to the experiences we have according to the language we have to label and process these experiences with?
I think that for sensory experiences such as tasting wine, language is quite significant. Part of learning about wine is learning a vocabulary for describing the flavour of wine; without such a vocabulary it is hard to make sense of the sensory experiences we have when we taste a wine.
The more experience we have with wine, the more sense we can make of tasting it. In part, this is because we have more words ready to anchor our experiences, and then process them appropriately.