Liebkind, a truly great Blaufränkisch

blaufrankisch liebkind

Last year Robert Parker had a little rant about things he doesn’t like in the wine world. It was quite funny, but also – in my opinion – misguided. In it he dismissed Blaufränkisch (including with it Savagnin and Trousseau and a host of other varieties) as being ‘godforsaken’. Yes, really!  He may have been reviewing wines for 35 years and be much more famous and important than me, but I would suggest that in this case he is wrong and I am right. It’s a brilliant grape variety.

And this is just an incredible wine. ‘Liebkind’ translates as favoured child, but it means more than that – it’s like the ‘apple of my eye’, and can be applied just as much to a favoured motor car or vineyard as it can a child. I’ve also included a note on a cask sample of the 2013. Alas this is only made in tiny quantities, but I’m a rubbish wine writer, writing about things few will probably taste. But it’s such an amazing wine it deserved a write-up. The other Muhr-van der Niepoort Blaufrankisch wines are also superb, including the old vine Spitzerberg.

Muhr-van der Niepoort Liebkind 2012 Carnuntum, Austria
This is from young Blaufränkisch vines planted in a fantastic spot on the Spitzerberg that’s almost pure limestone. These vines really struggle, have very small berries, and this single hectare yielded just a ton of grapes in 2012. It’s just so floral, pure and vivid with keen acidity and detailed black cherry and raspberry fruit. So pure and vital with good structure. Quite profound. 95/100

Muhr-van der Niepoort Liebkind 2013 Carnuntum, Austria (cask sample)
Intensely aromatic and fresh, with amazing acidity and focus. Grippy and tannic with amazing presence. 94-96/100

UK agent is Indigo Wines

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Great New Zealand Pinot Noir, from Yealands and Greystone

Nik Mavromatis of Greystone

Nik Mavromatis of Greystone

I’m at Prowein. It’s a huge trade fair, with 50 000 attendees from around the world. The scale of this fair is daunting. It is the first time I’ve attended:I’d been scared off by its size in the past. Once you get past the frustrations of having 50 000 people swelling the population of a modest sized town (mostly queues: queues to get taxis, long queues to retrieve items from the cloakroom, long queues for spectacularly bad food, epic queues for overpriced drinks at Cafe Madrid – and a hotel room that normally costs 43 Euros costing 180) it’s actually a brilliant trade fair, with an opportunity to taste a staggering array of wines. Those conscientious people who feel they have to taste everything should stay away: they will be frozen into inactivity by the staggering size of this fair.

yealands pinot noir

Yesterday  I made some great discoveries. Four of them were these wines from two producers in New Zealand, and they were all Pinot Noir. The two winemaker’s reserve bottlings from Yealands, one from home turf (Awatere) and the other from a vineyard in Gibbston, Central Otago, are serious wines, and they aren’t crazy expensive.

The Greystone wines from the Waipara are developing quite a reputation, and I think it’s deserved.

Yealands Winemaker’s Reserve Pinot Noir Gibbston 2013 Central Otago, New Zealand
This is such an impressive Gibbston Pinot, showing fresh, meaty, dense, spicy red cherry and berry fruit, with real freshness and a silky texture. It’s just so beautiful, with lots of aromatic interest and real palate presence. 95/100

Yealands Winemaker’s Reserve Pinot Noir Awatere 2013 Marlborough, New Zealand
There’s a real beauty to this wine. It’s fresh, juicy and elegant with nice grainy structure under the sweet red and black cherry fruit. They key here is the mouthfeel: it’s so rounded and elegant and pure. 95/100

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Greystone Pinot Noir 2013 Waipara Valley, New Zealand
This is from grey conglomerate limestone pushed up from the seabed by seismic activity 150 000 years ago, so it’s very young soil. Supple and bright with lovely raspberry and black cherry fruit. Grippy structure under the primary fruit. Nicely vivid with lovely purity and drive. A fabulous Pinot. 94/100

Greystone The Brothers Reserve Pinot Noir 2013 Waipara Valley, New Zealand
This is from a limestone block on the top of the hill where the vines really struggle. It carries its 100% new oak really well. Beautifully poised and aromatic with red and black cherry fruit. Superbly fresh and elegant on the palate with lovely focus and a bit of meatiness, as well as good structure and acidity. 95/100

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Riecene Chianti Classico and IGT Toscana

ricene

It’s fair to say that I am not the biggest Sangiovese fan out there. But when I come across great wines, I don’t mind what they are made from or where they come from. This pair from Riecine are really lovely.

Riecine Chianti Classico 2012 Tuscany, Italy
13.5% alcohol. Complex and aromatic with elegant red cherries, plums, spice and subtle earth, with hints of pepper. The palate is fresh with some spiciness and just a hint of balsamic character, as well as bright, supple, spicy cherry and berry fruit. Nicely poised and quite classic. 92/100 (£22 Winemakers Club, Tanners)

Riecine Toscana IGT 2011 Italy
This is 100% Sangiovese, and its the second vintage of this wine: no new oak, foot trodden, old vines. Lovely sweet nose of cherries plums and spices. Powerful and structured but with elegance too. Very spicy and savoury but with a sweetness to the cherry and plum fruit, finishing grippy and structured. Classic Sangiovese: structured, lively, with real presence and power. This drank well over three successive evenings. 94/100 (£40 Winemakers Club)

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Two German Pinot Noirs

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Seeing that I am off to Germany for a few days I thought I’d write up two German Pinot Noirs that I opened last night. I really like German Pinot Noir, mainly because I love Pinot Noir generally, and Germany makes some very good ones. But they vary a lot. In my experience, most are drinkable but average, and just a few are really thrilling – it’s a hard grape to get right. And because German wine lovers like German Pinot Noir, the best ones can be very expensive. I’m yet to be fully convinced that Germany can make really superb Pinot at affordable-ish prices in the way that New Zealand can, but I’m going to keep on researching this. I had such a lot of fun in the Ahr valley in January and tasted some stunning wines, so this has given me hope. These two bottles give me a bit more hope. If Germany gets it right, that’s really good news, because they have a lot of Pinot Noir.

Bercher Jechtinger Spatburgunder 2012 Baden, Germany
13.5% alcohol. Leafy green undergrowth edge to the floral black cherry fruit nose. Fresh, sweetly fruited cherry and berry fruit palate is ripe and quite sweet, but with silky texture, a hint of greenness and a drinkable personality. 89/100 (£18 Oddbins)

Karl H Johner Pinot Noir Enselberg 2011 Baden, Germany
14% alcohol. Sweet, smooth and silky with supple cherry fruit. Very attractive smooth textured wine with a sweet fruit profile and subtle greenness in the background. Sweet red cherry and black cherry fruit forms the core of this wine, and it’s really attractive. 93/100 (£19.99 Waitrose)

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Meeting Mark Driver of Rathfinny, talking PDOs

mark driver rathfinny

Mark Driver’s Rathfinny Estate has become one of the most talked about English wineries, even though they haven’t released any wine. I caught up with him (he’s pictured above) to hear a bit of his story, and discuss the move towards a PDO (protected designation of origin) for Sussex wine, which has been in the news in the last week.

Building a wine estate like Rathfinny requires a combination of commercial sense but also passion. ‘There’s a 10 year investment before you start making decent returns,’ Mark explains. ‘When I started investing [in Rathfinny] I started working backwards: what do I need to make this economically stable in the long term?’ So he worked out how much wine he’d need to make in order to cover the costs of the capital – and also the significant costs of hiring and retaining good people, something that he feels is key to the success of a venture like this. His calculations told him he’d need 250 acres. In the UK, land prices might be cheaper than Champagne, but yields are lower and wages are relatively high, and you need to invest in skills as well as bring in all the equipment from elsewhere.

Initially he planted 160 of those 250 acres, and another 20 acres are being planted this April. The oldest vines are just about to enter their fourth season. Last year there was a small crop and some wine was made (it will be bottled in April), and there should be a bigger crop this year.
So, why has a winery with no wine to sell been making such a noise? ‘Our production is going to be like a hockey stick,’ says Mark. ‘We have to create a market for our product ahead of time.’

With this in mind he’s just been to Hong Kong, looking to find people he can work with there, and Australia, where he’s been seeing how they do hospitality and wine tourism. ‘People fly to Perth just to go to Margaret River,’ he says. ‘In the future people will fly to Gatwick just to go tasting in Sussex vineyards.’

Mark’s focus is solely on making top quality wines, and he thinks one of the keys to this is getting the small details right. When he was buying vines he visited half a dozen nurseries in France and Germany. Even finding the right vineyard posts was a major project, which at one stage involved designing a post and then trying to find someone in the UK to manufacture it (this didn’t work out, unfortunately). Getting the right people in is vital. ‘We hired a really good vineyard manager,’ he says. ‘He’s got green fingers and really understands vines, and he’s worked in hostile and easy environments. We hired a really good winemaker, who grew up in Epernay, went to the US and when he came back he wanted to work in England because it’s a more creative market for making sparkling wine than Champagne.’

So we turn to the issue of the PDO for Sussex wines. This has become quite a controversial issue.

Driver says that the existing English PDO is not a quality benchmark. He found himself discussing the issue with friends: what does English Sparkling Wine mean? Can’t we have a more interesting term? ‘It doesn’t give you any sense of place or quality,’ he says. ‘The whole thing was set up as a catch-all to allow wines from England to be within a PDO scheme.’

His view was that a new PDO was needed with tighter rules. ‘We need something that matches the quality with which the UK producers are making their wine.’ Mark saw that Sussex had a critical mass of good producers, and about two years ago started speaking to Mike Roberts of Ridgeview. A group of like-minded producers was gathered and they started working on a PDO scheme for Sussex.

‘That’s when we took out the trademark, to stop people naming wines “Sussex Sparkling” that didn’t match the quality we are aiming for,’ says Mark  (responding to the question on my blog a few days ago about why Rathfinny trademarked the name ahead of the PDO application). ‘Sussex is such a great name. People have a vision for what Sussex is all about. The idea is that we have something easily identifiable: the South Downs, wonderful vistas, a top quality wine-producing region within England.’ They had the first Sussex wine producers’ meeting in September 2014, which was a big meeting to which lots of people were invited. The aim was to work towards a Sussex Sparkling PDO with high standards. ‘The actual PDO cannot be Sussex Sparkling because sparkling is a generic name,’ Mark explains. So they are having to look at a joint PDO protecting the quality of Sussex still wines as well as sparkling.

‘I think there will be other PDOs,’ says Mark. ‘DEFRA are very keen to encourage them.’ He points out that all PDOs throughout Europe are based on regional names: it’s not about similarities in soil type, because a PDO has to have a regional name involved, or in exceptional cases can have the name of a country. The ‘origin’ bit is at the heart of the system.

The next meeting of the Sussex wine producers working on this proposal is at the end of this month, and someone leaked the email concerning this to Decanter. This led to last week’s media interest in the topic. ‘It’s just a bit unfortunate,’ says Mark. ‘All the rumour mills have started.’ He says that people involved in sparkling wine production outside Sussex are feeling a bit sore and threatened, which he finds understandable. But he doesn’t see why other places can’t follow his lead, now that he has established a template of how establishing a PDO should be carried out in the UK wine industry. Could there be a Kent PDO? A Meon Valley PDO? Or a Jurassic Coast PDO? ‘A PDO is all about the region, the sense of place, for a consumer to identify a product with a place,’ he says.

Not everyone is convinced that the time is right for a Sussex PDO, or even that it is justified. By coincidence, on the same day that I interviewed Mark Driver, I bumped into another key player in the English sparkling wine scence – Ian Kellett of Hambledon, whose vineyards are on a very similar soil type to Rathfinny’s, but in the neighbouring county of Hampshire. ‘I think it’s a bit silly,’ says Kellet, when I ask him about the Sussex PDO. His view that if there were to be a meaningful PDO for top quality sparkling wine in the UK, then it would stipulate that the estate concerned should grow all its own grapes, and be located on chalk soils. ‘There will only be two in the UK, us and Rathfinny,’ he says. ‘It requires a tremendous amount of capital to stick to these [criteria], so others can’t play.’ Regarding the Sussex PDO, he questions why you’d do it for a county that only has 10% chalk soils. ‘Not one of these [Sussex producers in the proposed PDO] is on chalk apart from Mark. It’s pointless; utterly pointless.’

It will be interesting to watch this one unfold. Who is right? Mark or Ian? Or are they both a bit right? Do we need PDOs? Does a PDO for wine from a single county make sense?

A lovely Greek white, Semeli Mantinia Nassiakos 2013

semeli mantinaia

I really liked this Greek white, which is a varietal Moschofilero, from grapes grown at 650 m altitude, made by Semeli winery in the Mantinia region. It has personality and character, but it’s also really well made.

Semeli  Nassiakos 2013 Mantinia, Greece
12.5% alcohol. Really stylish, exotic dry white with fresh melon and pear fruit nose. Lovely texture on the palate, showing grapes, lychee, rose petals and a slight saltiness. So fresh and pure, and yet with an exotic side, too. 91/100 (£9.50 The Wine Society)

Eugenio Collavini Refosco 'Pucino' 2013 Friuli Colli Orientali, Italy

collavini refosco

This is interesting. And we like ‘interesting’ here. [And I'm not using 'interesting' in the typical British sense, which is when a grower shows you a bad wine you politely say 'interesting' when really you mean it's a bit crap but you are too polite to say it.] It’s a Friulian red made from a variety that goes under the extended name of Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso, which as the name suggests is distinctive in that it has red stems. This suggests that anthocyanins are expressed in the stems, which would be highly unusual. A google image search doesn’t suggest this is the case: maybe they are just a red/brown colour. This aside, it’s a very nice wine.

Eugenio Collavini Refosco ‘Pucino’ 2013 Friuli Colli Orientali, Italy
12.5% alcohol. Fresh and vivid with black cherry fruit and a supple, silky texture as well as some floral interest. There’s some gravelly grip on the finish. A really nicely balanced, fresh, pure red that’s a half way house between an elegant Bordeaux and a ripe Burgundy. 90/100 (£13.95 Noel Young, Wine Direct)

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Château Plaisance ‘Alabets’ 2010 Fronton, France

fronton alabets

Marc Pénavaye’s Château Plaisance consists of 30 hectares of vines in the Fronton appellation, near Toulouse in southwest France. This is a varietal Negrette, which is such an interesting red grape variety, unique to the region and with records indicating it has been grown here since the sixth century. Marc started farming organically in 2006 and was fully certified in 2011.

Château Plaisance ‘Alabets’ 2010 Fronton, France
13% alcohol. Sweet and ripe with nice black cherries, some raspberries and a hint of meatiness. There’s some warm herb character here, too, lying under the supple, expressive black fruits. Complex and balanced, and just a bit edgy with a fresh almost lemony finish. A distinctive, delicious wine. 92/100 (UK agent Les Caves de Pyrene)

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Jaspi Blanc, a lovely affordable Spanish white

jaspi blanc

I love it when I find a really nice wine at an everyday sort of price. This fits the bill: a Catalan white wine from Coca i Fitó in Terra Alta, and it’s mainly Grenache Blanc. I really like Grenache Blanc and Gris – these varieties just seem to do so well in warm-ish climates. Old vines (50-70 years) and limestone/sandy soils have produced a really delicious white, which has spent three months on its lees.

The wine is made by Toni and Miquel Coca i Fitó, who grew up on the family vineyard in Alt Penedès. They started their own project in 2006. Toni’s background is consultant winemaker; Miquel was trained as a professional chef and looks after the commercial side of things.

Coca i Fitó Jaspi Blanc 2013 Terra Alta, Spain
13.5% alcohol. 70% Grenache Blanc and 30% Macabeo. This is a lovely rich unoaked white wine with white peach, ripe pear and spice notes as well as some floral honeysuckle notes. Fresh but with some richness, this shows lovely balance. It has a nicely mineral texture and more complexity than you’ve any right to expect at this price. 91/100 (£8.95 The Wine Society) 

A PDO for Sussex Sparkling? And who owns the trademark?

english sparkling wine

An interesting story is brewing in the world of English sparkling wine. Victoria Moore reports on it here in The Telegraph, and pretty much nails it.

So a coalition of Sussex wineries – Rathfinny, Ridgeview, Bolney – are applying for a PDO (protected designation of origin). This is an official EU designation for quality products that are linked to a certain place. Think  Melton Mowbray pork pies, Cheddar cheese, Jersey Royal potatoes. They want ‘Sussex Sparkling’ to be recognized in a similar way.

For those who like rules, these are the existing protected names. There’s PDO status for ‘English’ wine (see the rules here) and ‘Welsh’ wine; and there’s also the PGI (protected geographic origin) for ‘English Regional’  and ‘Welsh Regional’ wine (see rules here). In addition, there’s an English/Welsh quality sparkling wine PDO (rules here). The idea is that wines with these status marks will have passed basic quality tests and be authentic products.

The idea for the Sussex Sparkling PDO? Stricter rules on production than currently exist, and a nice marketable term because tighter geographic origin implies higher quality.

As Victoria points out, there’s a big problem here. Sussex is an administrative/political area with boundaries that aren’t determined by soil type. And for sparkling wine production, soil type is all important. Climate is too: but those climates where you can successfully ripen grapes in the south of England tend to be relatively similar, with the big difference being the soil. So sparkling wines from Sussex won’t all share similar characteristics. A sparkling wine from Sussex grown on chalky soils will likely taste more similar to a sparkling wine grown in Hampshire on chalky soils than to a Sussex wine grown on Greensand.

Also, Rathfinny, one of the producers pressing for this PDO, haven’t yet released a wine. It seems a little premature.

Also, Nyetimber, Sussex’ most famous winery, have some significant vineyards outside the county, so they couldn’t be included, even though (many people think) they make the UK’s best sparkling wines.

But there’s also another factor that no one has yet reported on. A quick search of trademarks for ‘Sussex Sparkling’ reveal that Rathfinny trademarked the term in April 2012 (application was filed in November 2011). A PDO that’s also the trademark of a single producer? This is concerning from a legal standpoint: effectively, Rathfinny could then decide who gets to use the PDO.